Waste Management is the science of reducing solid waste. The chapter covers topics related to solid waste generation, treatment, policy, education, and environmental assessments. The book covers the different types of solid waste, including construction and demolition, hazardous and household wastes, and special wastes. Its goal is to make waste management an integral part of society and a key factor in reducing costs. There are a number of different methods for minimizing waste, such as minimizing paper, plastic, and metal waste.
The goal of waste management is to reduce the volume of waste and create new products from it. This reduces energy consumption and the use of fresh raw materials. It is the third component of the RMRRW hierarchy. By reducing the volume of waste, recycling reduces air, water, and greenhouse gas emissions. It also conserves natural resources. Another emerging method of waste management is plasma, which is mostly electrically charged and ignited by a high-energy source.
In addition to reducing waste and reducing costs, proper waste management improves economic efficiency by promoting resource utilization and consumption practices that produce less waste. By reusing and recycling, valuable materials are recovered and resold. This leads to new jobs and business opportunities. By improving social and economic benefits, proper waste management also helps to make civic communities more attractive to residents and helps to lift communities out of poverty. This article explores a few of these benefits.